Rajaji National Park & Tiger Resrve is predominantly formed from dense green jungles, and this environment forms a habitat for a number of animals. The Park is at the northwestern limit of distribution for both elephants and tigers in India, and has the largest population of elephants in Uttarakhand.
Other wild animal species found in the Park include: - AsianElephant, Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Jungle Cat, Striped Hyena, Goral, Indian Hare, sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, King Cobra, Jackal, Barking Deer, Sambhar, Wild boar, Rhesus macaque, Indian langur, Indian Porcupine, Monitor lizard, Python
Over 315 species of birds are found in the Park,whereas the wider region has over 500 species of birds, including both residents and migrants he most prominent avian species include pea fowl, woodpeckers, pheasants, kingfishers and barbets,supplemented by a number of migratory species during the winter months. The Park is also home to the Great Pied Hornbill, Himalayan Pied Kingfisher and the fire tailed sunbird. This area is the first staging ground after the migratory birds cross over the Himalayas into the Indian subcontinent.
April 20th 2015, The wildlife enthusiasts have a reason to cheer. The state Government after a long wait of about 30 years, has at last issued the final notification for the Rajaji National Park which consists of 9 ranges and is spread over 820.40 sq.km. of Haridwar, Pauri and Dehradun districts of Uttarakhand. The initial notification for the setting up of the Park under the Project Elephant was issued in 1983. However the final notification could not be issued since various hurdles had to be cleared. It may be recalled here that the Park, which marks the northern limits of the Asiatic elephant, is one of the safest heavens for jumbos in the country. At present, there are about 415 elephants in the Park and the male, female ratio is excellent.
The granting of the status of Project Tiger in the Park required firstly, that the final notification for the National Park status be issued. Now with the issuing of the Final notification, decks have been cleared for the launch of Project Tiger in the Park. After the exact mapping of the Rajaji Park boundaries, 14 revenue villages on the periphery of the Gohari Range of the park have been excluded from the park boundary. As per directions of the Tiger Conservative Authority of India, the Rajaji National Park core area of the Rajaji Tiger Project, while about 300 sq.km. of Shyampur range of the Haridwar forest division and parts of Kotdwar and Laldhang forest division, which function as a buffer zone, will also be included in the Tiger Project, augmented area to 1150 sq.km.
“After amalgamating the new area as buffer zone in the existing boundaries of the Rajaji Park the notification of the Project Tiger will be issued by the state government within a month,” informs the Principal Chief Conservator of the state forests. Besides a fairly good population of the tuskers in the Rajaji Park, tigers are also sighted. Park sources say that about 20 tigers, mostly confined to be a region, have been sighted.
The launching of Project Tiger in the Park will give a fillip to the conservation of the big cats. “It will increase the protections level of tigers in the Park,” says the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State, SS Sharma. Actually, the Rajaji Park faced many challenges include the issue of resettlement of the Van Gujjars (tribals) from the park. Due to porous borders, poachers find it easy to enter the park and target endangered species of the wildlife. Moreover, the railway tracks passing through the park have become the death knoll for wildlife.
Now, the launch of Project Tiger, ample funds will be available to get better infrastructure and resources, including trained manpower to protect wildlife and improve the quality of their habitat. Steps like setting up Rajaji Tiger foundation and State Tiger Protection Force can be taken. The long pending issue of rehabilitation of tribals and issue of shifting railway track will finally resolved.
Raja ji:- Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (Raja ji) was born on dec.10th 1878. In 1900 he finished his studies in law. The nation discovered Rajaji,i in 1922, when the congress met at Gaya. In the word of the youth delegate Subhash Chandra Bose, ‘Rajaji was the hero of Gaya Congress’. Rajaji later played a very crucial role in the signing of the historic 1932 Poona (Yerveda)pact. Gandhi ji was fasting in prison and Rajaji, then acting President of the Congress was the key mediator between Dr. Ambedkar and Mahatma.
Rajaji was appointed Governor of West Bengal in 1947after India’s independence. As Governor General he visited Dehradun in 1948, and was taken to the Shooting Block of the erstwhile Dejradun East Forest Division. On seeing the pristine beauty of the area he refused to hunt and suggested that this area must be conserved for his beauty. This eventually led to formation of Rajaji Wildlife Sanctuary. As anode to him when the National Park was formed in 1983 it was named after him.